Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. Patriotism, on this view, is essential for living a morally good life. MacIntyre’s argument (in his Lindley Lecture, “Is Patriotism a Virtue?. 年12月10日 Liberal morality requires that “Patriotism need be regarded as nothing more than a perfectly proper devotion to one’s own nation which must.
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He cannot say in good faith: Patriotism has had a fair number of critics. We also speak of gratitude to large and impersonal entities — our school, profession, or even our country — but that seems to be an abbreviated way of referring to gratitude to particular persons who have acted on behalf of these entities.
There is also a view of patriotic duty that, in contrast to the consequentialist account, does not dissolve, but rather highlight this relationship. If I may, I think this is partly from the fact MacIntyre is reacting to his early period as a Marxist.
Just as an acorn will tend to develop toward an end that actualizes its full potential Oak treehuman beings strive to function well in a way that is appropriate to human being. But in accepting benefits from his association with the wrongdoers, he may be seen as underwriting those wrongs and joining the class of those properly blamed.
Patriotism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
History of Western Philosophy. Sorry for ranting and raving but, like I said, I find it a little disturbing. But however important in other respects these preferences, identifications, and concerns might be, they lack positive moral import. Citizenship has intrinsic value because in virtue of being a citizen a person is a member of a collective body in which they enjoy equal status with its other members and are thereby provided with recognition.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
There is little to cavil about here. While nationalism is accordingly aggressive, patriotism is defensive: Reprinted in Primoratz ed. Patriotism involves special concern for the patria and compatriots, a concern that goes beyond what the laws obligate one to do, beyond what one does as a citizen; that is, beyond what one ought, in fairnessto do. Aptriotism even if it were conceded, one might still resist the claim concerning the alleged duty.
While moral philosophers debate the standing of patriotism as an instance of the problem of reconciling universal moral considerations with particular attachments and loyalties, political theorists are primarily interested in patriotism as an ethos of the well-ordered polity and an antidote to patriotisk. An Argument for Unpatriotic Patriotism.
Some philosophers seek to ground patriotic duty in its good consequences see the entry on consequentialism. There is considerable middle ground between these extremes.
Moral rules are justified in terms of certain goods they express and promote; but these goods, too, are always given as part and parcel of the way of life of a community. Both patriotism and nationalism involve love of, identification with, and special concern for a certain entity. One may derive significant psychological benefit from membership in and identification with a society or polity: The one thing I might point out is that this sounds like what Carl Schmitt used vkrtue criticize the English pluralists for- the failure to distinguish between political association and other forms of association.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
This is bad faith. As Richard Dagger puts it:. Patriotism as an Environmental Virtue. Virgue suggests that patriotism can be judged from the standpoint of ethics of belief — a set of norms for evaluating our beliefs and other doxastic states. One major account of political obligation is that of fairness.
This leads her to hide from herself the true source of some of the beliefs involved.
Actually, this is how we think of our special obligations to, and preferences for, our family, friends, or local community; ;atriotism kind of partiality is legitimate, and indeed valuable, not only for us but for anyone. She would consider her patriptism moral identity as bound up with that of her country, and the moral record of the patria as hers too. Each episode, we pick a text and chat about it with some balance between insight and flippancy.
macinytre Its adherent will show special concern for his country and compatriots, but that will not prevent him from showing concern for other countries and their inhabitants. It is not unbridled: Although love or special affection is usually given expression in special concern for its object, that is not necessary. Likewise with the serial killer who has ceased to be human. There is, however, a major tradition in moral philosophy which understands morality as essentially universal and impartial, and seems to rule out local, partial attachment and loyalty.
Institutions and vkrtue and culture for better or worse are the grounds for self.
But the objection is pertinent, and has considerable force, when brought up against the type of patriotism advocated by MacIntyre. One standard example of such virtue is the type of concern for those in an extreme plight shown by the late Mother Theresa, or by Doctors Without Borders.
They also consider patriotism an important component of our identity. If it could, other types of partialism, such as tribalism, racism, or sexism, would by the same token prove morally valuable too. Morality allows for both types of considerations, as they pertain to different levels of moral deliberation. Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism and PatriotismCambridge: