Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.

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The crevalle jack is a popular and highly regarded gamefish throughout its range, with the recreational catch of the species often exceeding commercial catches. Importance to Humans Crevalle jack. The caudal fin itself is also golden to dusky, with the lower lobe often brighter yellow than the upper, with both the lobes often having a black trailing edge.

Young Caranx in the Western North Atlantic. A dark spot is present on the pectoral fin, with a similar dark to dusky spot present on the upper margin of the operculum. The chest is scaleless except for a small patch of scales in front of the pelvic fins.

The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. This led to the creation of two trinomial names ; Caranx hippos hippos and Caranx hippos tropicus.

Human uses

The larval and juvenile growth has been extensively studied, with the oldest known individual 17 years of age. In the inshore environment, crevalle jack inhabit shallow flats, sandy bays[15] beachesseagrass beds, shallow reef complexes [5] and lagoons.


The eggs of the crevalle jack are between. Journal of Natural History. Another known parasite, B.

Dietary shifts with both age, location carajx season have been demonstrated, which led some researchers to postulate the species is indiscriminant in its feeding habits. Caranx hippos Linnaeus, Moderate vulnerability 41 of Fish found in these deep waters are usually larger individuals. This poisoning, although it is usually self-limiting, can affect humans in many ways. No scales on chest Ref.

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IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Sign our Guest Book. Field studies have also shown the species increases in abundance with increased levels of DMSP over coral reefs. Notes on Carangin fishes Pairs break off from the hhippos to spawn, with one individual turning a much darker color during this exchange. The crevalle jack has been found to spawn in both tropical and subtropical environments. The living marine resources of the Western Carnx Atlantic. Ueber Zwey Merkwurdige Fisch-Arten.

Smithsonian Marine Station

Crevalle jacks have been found in fresh water to salt water environments, depending on life stage. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Adults usually inhabit areas with temperatures between Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.

I-XXX; Segunda parte, Juveniles abundant in brackish estuaries with muddy bottoms, near daranx beaches and on seagrass beds Ref.

The closely related horse-eye jack Caranx latus is frequently seen hippox over reefs. Caranx itself is part of the larger jack and horse mackerel family Carangidaea group of percoid fishes in the order Perciformes.

The crevalle jack is one of the most abundant large carangids in the Atlantic Ocean, with at least two systematic studies placing it within the top five most abundant species of that region, namely lagoons in Nigeria and Chiapas, Mexico. There are also often mentions of the species erroneously having circumtropical and Indian Ocean distributions, with these records probably attributable to similar Indo-Pacific species, namely the blacktip trevally and giant trevally.

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Dactilopteroideipp. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Note interno ai Carangidi del Mediterraneo.

Histoire naturelle des Poissons, Paris-Strasbourg, 22 vol. The crevalle jack is classified within the genus Caranxone of a number of groups known as the jacks or trevallies. In North Americayoung individuals recruited to northern estuaries are known to move to warmer tropical waters at the onset of winter to escape possible hypothermia.

I,Leptocardi, Ciclostomi, Selaci, pp. This patch is apparent by the time the fish reaches a fork length of 0.

The crevalle jack inhabits the tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic Oceanranging extensively along both the eastern American coastline and the western African and European coastlines. Native range All suitable habitat Point map Year Taxonomy Caranx hippos was first described by Linnaeus in as Scomber hippos. Other parasites include protozoans, monogenea gillwormscestoda tapewormsand nematoda roundworms.

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